China’s Economy is Undergoing a Great Transition, Not a Great Decline | articles

China’s rapid industrialization throughout history has always resulted in heavy pollution, and the country faced a crisis with heavy smog and PM 2.5 pollution in the early 2010s. This led to major respiratory illnesses nationwide, prompting a shift towards greener growth as a clear policy priority. Over the past decade, China has been successful in reducing pollution levels and carbon intensity through this approach.

Two key long-term policy goals for greener growth in China are reaching Peak Carbon by 2030 and achieving full carbon neutralization by 2060. The World Bank estimates that meeting these goals will require significant investment in green infrastructure and technology, totaling USD 14-17tn. Despite concerns about the potentially lower multiplier effect of green infrastructure investments compared to traditional sectors, they are still seen as crucial for productive fiscal policy in China.

While some critics have raised questions about the impact of Chinese policies on fair competition and the fate of companies that may fail as a result of industrial policies leading to overcapacity and global market dumping, we believe that these criticisms overlook the broader benefits of China’s approach towards greener growth. Despite some challenges, the country’s efforts are positioning it to be competitive in key industries of the future, which aligns with its broader economic goals.

By Sophia Gonzalez

As a content writer at, I am dedicated to crafting engaging stories that captivate our readers. With a knack for turning complex topics into accessible and compelling narratives, I weave words together to inform and inspire. My passion lies in delivering accurate and thought-provoking content that keeps our audience informed and entertained. From breaking news stories to in-depth features, I strive to bring a fresh perspective to every piece I create. Join me on this journey of exploration and discovery through the power of words at

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