A report released on Monday revealed that nearly half of the world’s migratory species are declining in population. Migratory animals such as birds, sea turtles, whales, and sharks are at risk of extinction due to factors like habitat loss, illegal hunting and fishing, pollution, and climate change.
Kelly Malsch, the lead author of the new United Nations report, emphasized the importance of stopover sites for migratory species. Migration is critical to the survival of some species, and endangering this process could lead to their extinction. The report relied on data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List.
The United Nations will review proposals for conservation measures and consider adding new species to the lists of concern at a meeting in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. However, one country alone cannot save any of these species. Therefore, it is crucial to work together globally to protect them.
At the meeting in Samarkand, eight South American governments are planning to propose adding two declining Amazon catfish species to the list of migratory species of concern. Protecting the Amazon River basin is essential for their survival since it is the largest freshwater system in the world. In 2022, governments pledged to protect 30% of the planet’s land and water resources for conservation at the U.N. Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, Canada.