Pakistan’s recent parliamentary elections were marked by violence and uncertainty, with terrorist attacks causing over 40 deaths and two candidates being shot. Despite these challenges, the Pakistan Muslim League and PTI party both claimed victory in the elections. However, the incoming government faces significant challenges, including political instability, economic instability, and a population heavily impacted by poverty and inflation.
Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves have dwindled, and its currency has lost over 50% of its value. The government must negotiate with the IMF for a new payment program and take steps to reduce expenses while addressing climate change-related disasters. Furthermore, Pakistan’s geopolitical significance as a neighbor to India, Afghanistan, Iran, and China further complicates the country’s situation. China has invested in infrastructure projects in Pakistan, but neighboring countries are also unstable and present security and political challenges. India benefits from Pakistan’s instability while Afghanistan and Iran pose unpredictable threats. Additionally, Pakistan is vulnerable to climate change-related disasters.
The recent elections saw about 128 million people cast their votes, with an estimated half of them being under 35 years old. The voter turnout was around 50%, with representatives for the 266-seat parliament chosen amidst the challenges facing the country. However, despite this achievement